September 3, 2008 A 44-year-old vessel was acquired by the Brazilian Navy for service as an oceanographic research ship in the Antarctic region. This addition to that navy’s Brazilian Antarctic Program was renamed the Almirante Maximiano in honor of Admiral Maximiano Eduardo da Silva Fonseca (1919-1998). A longtime Brazilian naval officer, Maximiano da Fonesca served... Continue Reading →

July 30, 2016 A new line of the Rio de Janeiro Metro in Brazil’s second largest city was officially opened. Line 4 (also known as the Yellow Line) of that rapid transit network connects the Jardim Oceânico Station in the neighborhood of Barra da Tijuca in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro with the... Continue Reading →

February 19, 1973 Boa Vista International Airport in Brazil was opened. This airport serves Boa Vista, the capital of the northern Brazilian state of Roraima. Boa Vista is also the only state capital in Brazil that is located entirely north of the equator. The airport has the distinction of being the northernmost Brazilian airport that handles scheduled... Continue Reading →

January 4, 1884 The national railway of Chile was established. Domingo Santa María, who served as president of Chile from 1881 to 1886, signed the decree authorizing this new means of transportation. The railway, which is officially called Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado (EFE), was created in large part to maintain a key transportation... Continue Reading →

December 1, 1913 The Buenos Aires Underground mass transit network, which serves the metropolitan region of Argentina’s capital city, was officially dedicated. With the inauguration of this network, Buenos Aires became only the 13th city in the world to have an underground subway system. In addition, the Buenos Aires Underground was the first public transportation service... Continue Reading →

September 14, 1974 Brazil’s first underground rapid transit system made its public debut when regular service began on a 4.3-mile (6.9-kilometer)-long section of the São Paulo Metrô between the Jabaquara and Vila Mariana stations on the North-South Line (the present-day Blue Line). Those taking part in the formal inauguration of this system included Miguel Colasuonno, who... Continue Reading →

July 10, 1950 Richard Fontaine Maury, an engineer whose legacy includes several key railways in South America, died in the city of Córdoba in northwestern Argentina’s Salta Province at the age of 67. He had started out life in the United States, but ultimately became a naturalized Argentine citizen. Maury was born in Philadelphia in... Continue Reading →

April 30, 1974 The Queen Juliana Bridge was officially opened in Willemstad, the capital of the southern Caribbean island of Curaçao. (A constituent country of the Netherlands, Curaçao was part of the Netherlands Antilles at the time of the Queen Juliana Bridge's debut.) This four-lane road bridge spans across St. Anna Bay and replaced a... Continue Reading →

April 16, 2003 In Argentina, a major portion of the east-west road known as National Route 7 was opened to traffic in the province of San Luis. San Luis is located near that South American country’s geographical center, and the portion of National Route 7 that was built within the province is 137 miles (221... Continue Reading →

In 1922, Brazilian airplane pilot Anésia Pinheiro Machado was granted Brevet No. 77 from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (the international regulatory organization for flying). This certification, which was specifically given to Machado by Aeroclube do Brasil, made her only the second licensed female pilot in Brazil. (The first woman in Brazil to earn such a... Continue Reading →

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