In Ireland, a form of integrated ticketing for a cross-section of transit networks made its debut in the Dublin region. The Leap Card is a prepaid card that can be used for public transportation services such as Dublin Bus, the Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) system, Iranród Éireann (Irish Rail), and Luas tram/light rail network.
Alan Kelly, at the time the Irish minister of state for public and commuter transport, formally introduced the Leap Card. “This card will be among the cheapest ways to get around Dublin and will make public transport more attractive,” he said. “We hope the card will push people towards public transport.” According to Ireland’s National Transport Authority, there are now more than 2.5 million Leap Card users.
For more information about the Leap Card, please check out https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leap_card and the 12 December 2011 Irish Times article “Integrated ticketing card launched” at https://www.irishtimes.com/news/integrated-ticketing-card-launched-1.888617.